Sunday, February 28, 2016

CHAMELEO at The DeMolay Masonic Anaheim Center


This past Tuesday evening I delivered a lecture about Chameleo to a group of Freemasons at The DeMolay Masonic Anaheim Center, specifically Santa Ana/El Toro Chapter No. 250 of The National Sojourners Organization.  Assisting me with this presentation was Richard Schowengerdt, the visionary scientist featured in Chapter 19 of Chameleo.  

As everyone in Southern California knows very well, Orange County has long been a conservative stronghold.  Some might say little has changed since Richard Nixon was born "behind the Orange Curtain" in 1913.  For example, just yesterday three counter-protesters were stabbed during a Ku Klux Klan rally at Anaheim's Pearson Park.  Clearly, therefore, right-wing reactionaries have maintained an undeniably powerful presence in the county.  On the other hand, as evidence that some progress has indeed been made, it's crucial to note that there was a time not long ago when someone who had written a book as incendiary as Chameleo would not have been welcome among a group of Caucasian Masonic retirees in the very heart of Orange County to discuss the dangers of a National Security State run amok.  

The telltale signs of the attendees' traditional values were evident throughout the meeting.  At the very beginning of the event, everyone in the room stood and recited the Pledge of Allegiance.  On the front of the podium hung a large red sign that read, "REMEMBER BENGHAZI."  At the conclusion of the meeting, everyone in the room joined together in a Christian prayer.  Many of the attendees were former members of the military, including the Navy (a branch of the military that doesn't exactly come off smelling like gardenias in the pages of Chameleo).   

Despite all of this, however, not one Mason in attendance expressed skepticism about the events chronicled in Chameleo.  The members of the audience clearly thought the story was strange, needless to say, but not at all unbelievable... perhaps not even unlikely.  In 2016, forty-two years after Yorba Linda's homegrown golden boy, Richard Milhous Nixon, resigned the Presidency, a random sampling of Orange County citizens (as traditional and down to earth as any group of Americans could possibly be) had no problem whatsoever comprehending the full implications of what Schowengerdt and I were saying, how very deeply the country had been plunged into outright authoritarianism.  

How many mainstream Americans are already aware--at some instinctual level--of the precarious situation in which we all find ourselves?  How many of them will get so fed up with the increasingly blatant unconstitutional strictures of a Democracy-turned-Cryptocracy that they will soon have no choice but to begin upending the Machine, dismantling the damn thing piece by shiny piece?   

How many indeed?



Saturday, February 27, 2016

"The Wedding Photographer" Is Coming Soon!

A few days ago PS Publishing released their latest newsletter in which they announced the imminent publication of POSTSCRIPTS #36/37, which will include my novelette entitled "The Wedding Photographer" (17,300 words).  This final volume of the award-winning anthology series will include stories by such accomplished writers as Brian Aldiss, Paul Di Filippo, and Darrell Schweitzer.  The complete Table of Contents reads as follows:
  • Darkness, and Darkness by Robert Freeman Wexler
  • S.K. by James Cooper
  • A Reverie of Time by Allen Ashley
  • The Wedding Photographer by Robert Guffey
  • Machinists by Andrew Jury
  • The Second Runner by John Grant
  • Surfacing by Lisa L. Hannett
  • In Passing by Robert Reed
  • The Dragons of the Night by Darrell Schweitzer
  • Last Post by Robert Edric
  • Texas by James Cooper
  • Untanglement: The Leaving of the Quantum Cats by John Gribbin
  • Karen Coxswain, or Death as She is Truly Lived by Paul Di Filippo
  • Rewrites by Keith Brooke
  • Everything Finishes by John Grant
  • The Day My Heart Stood Still by Andrew Hook
  • Madam, I’m Adam by Gary Fry
  • In the Macabre Theatre of Nightshade Place by Cate Gardner
  • Happy Sands by Stephen Bacon
  • The Man Without the Blue Balloon and the Woman Who Had Smiles Only for Him by Scott Edelman
  • Bless├ęd by Bruce Golden
  • The Hutchison Boy by Darrell Schweitzer
  • Abundances Above by Brian Aldiss
  • The Beachcomber by Lavie Tidhar
Though no specific publication date has yet been announced, I'm told the book will be will available for purchase very soon indeed.  I'll post all the details as soon as they're announced.  

PS Publishing, by the way, also released my short story "Check" in Allen Ashley's extraordinary 2010 apocalyptic-themed science fiction anthology CATASTROPHIA, my short story "Selections from The Expectant Mother Disinformation Handbook" in POSTSCRIPTS #30/31:  MEMORYVILLE BLUES (2013), and my 2014 book SPIES AND SAUCERS (a collection of three novellas set in the weird world of 1950s America).  All three of these books are still available for purchase from the publisher.














Wednesday, February 17, 2016

CHAMELEO IN THE MAILER REVIEW!



CHAMELEO has just received a glowingly positive review from Victor Peppard in the most recent edition of THE MAILER REVIEW (Vol. 9, No. 1, Fall 2015).  Peppard, Professor of Russian at the University of South Florida, has written a comprehensive, seven-page analysis of the book entitled “How the New Order of Surveillance Really Works,” in which he states, “CHAMELEO is indeed a strange story, one we might wish were not true, but after reading Robert Guffey’s book I am convinced that it is.”

Here are some highlights from the review: 

“Guffey, who combines the technique of a good investigative reporter with that of a (well published) fine storyteller, is interested in whether the government can keep a secret […].

“While writing this review I have encountered two articles in the press that substantiate and complement Robert Guffey’s depiction of how the military and the intelligence services abuse our freedoms with their technology, both exotic and ordinary.  The first of these appeared on June 3, 2015, 4A in an Associated Press report in the Tampa Bay Times:  ‘The FBI is operating a small air force with scores of low-flying planes across the country carrying a video and, at times, cellphone surveillance technology—all hidden behind fictitious companies that are fronts for the government, the Associated Press has learned.’  These planes can carry ‘technology that can identify thousands of people below through cellphones they carry, even if they’re not making a call or in public.’  Naturally, the FBI claims that its surveillance planes, of which there are more than one hundred, operate within the agency’s rules.  Here I cannot resist saying, should we be glad of that or concerned about it?  The news about these flights comes at a time when, as the AP puts it, ‘the Justice Department seeks to navigate privacy concerns arising from aerial surveillance by… drones.’  Robert Guffey and Dion Fuller will no doubt be more than interested to see how Justice resolves the issues.  And when will we read in the mainstream press about the ways in which the government has conducted experiments to try out its new ‘intelligence gathering’ equipment on people like Dion Fuller?

“The second reference is an article, ‘Loitering with Intent’ by William M. Arkin in Harper’s, June 2015: 11-16, about the military’s use of drones and its inability to control the massive amounts it collects.  Arkin understands well the deleterious impact of these practices when he writes:  ‘When I look at the digital legions splayed out in the battlefield that is truly global, I see drones and the Data Machine they serve as the greatest threats to our national security, our safety, and our very way of life’ (16).  As we see here, Arkin’s analysis dovetails with Guffey’s depiction of surveillance drones in that each of them shows how much they erode the liberty and privacy we claim to hold so dear.  (Arkin’s article is from Unmanned:  Drones, Data, and the Illusion of Perfect Warfare, scheduled to appear in August 2015 by Little Brown.)  I would add that it appears from the PBS “News of the Week in Review,” June 19, 2015, that those who launch drones do not always know who they are targeting and only find out after a strike has been made.  This separation of the warrior at a desk from the enemy is one of the major faults Arkin finds with the new warfare the United States is waging.

“It needs to be stressed that Robert Guffey is not indulging in an exercise in science fiction, about which he is well informed, and he has done extensive research on the military’s surveillance techniques […].

“CHAMELEO consists of a number of narrative forms that include extensive interviews […], letters written by and to the author, in addition to detailed footnotes […].

“Most of all, I believe we should pay serious attention to Guffey’s exposing of the surveillance techniques and tactics employed by what he calls ‘The Machine.’  And we should also heed his exhortations to fight against them—if only we had the initiative and the gumption to do so.”

If you wish to read the entire review, a copy of this volume of THE MAILER REVIEW can be purchased right HERE.

Tuesday, February 16, 2016

A World of Stalking Fools: Strange Tales of Homeland Security and the Future of Mass Surveillance (Part Five: Old Fires Still Catch Old Buildings)

[Part Four of this series can be found by clicking HERE.]
 
Do the unexpected.  Because the architects of these gangstalking operations have access to an unlimited black budget and exotic technologies far beyond one’s weirdest nightmares, perhaps it’s best to use more ancient tools of which the opposition are only barely aware.

If you don’t have the money to stock up on Above Top Secret surveillance doodads and thingamajigs, consider exploring instead the realms of the nonphysical.  There’s an old saying that goes like this:  “If you want to discover a new idea, read a very old book.” 



Let’s consider an example derived from popular fiction, an action/adventure parable manufactured for the masses.  The plot of the James Bond film, Skyfall, concerns itself with a rogue intelligence agent who uses his intimate knowledge of MI6 against his former colleagues.  The villain possesses such an unbelievable mastery over the most cutting edge high tech computer technology that he’s able to foil the agency’s plans at every turn.  How do MI6 deal with the problem?  They retreat into the past.  They abandon their compromised high-security skyscrapers and hole up in WWII-era underground bunkers where they use manual typewriters to communicate with each other, as this is the only means of communication deemed immune to hacking. 



They change the game board.


Back in the 1960s William S. Burroughs, one of the great literary minds of the 20th century, dreamed up methods of resistance based entirely on tape recorders that would be considered primitive today.  He wrote a manifesto about these techniques that appears in his 1970 book The Job, which Burroughs described as a:

[…] treatise on revolutionary tactics and weapons […].  A great deal of revolutionary tactics I see now are really nineteenth century tactics.  People think in terms of small arms and barricades, in terms of bombing police stations and post offices like the IRA of 1916.  What I’m talking about in The Job is bringing the revolution into the 20th century which includes, above all, the use of mass media.  That is where the real battle will be fought.
           
The last frontier is being closed to youth.  However there are many roads to space.  To achieve complete freedom from past conditioning is to be in space.  Techniques exist for achieving such freedom.  These techniques are being concealed and withheld.  In The Job I consider techniques of discovery.  (Miles 482) 
 

Of particular interest is the section entitled “The Invisible Generation” in which Burroughs insists that “a technique for directing thought and producing events on a mass scale is available to anyone with a portable recorder or a car to transport recorders” (The Job 170).



Consider the almost endless possibilities inherent in this excerpt from “The Invisible Generation” (ignore for the moment Burroughs’ nonconventional style of writing—i.e., his complete lack of punctuation—and focus instead on the content):

anyone with a tape recorder controlling the sound track can influence and create events   the tape recorder experiments described here will show you how this influence can be extended and correlated into the precise operation   this is the invisible generation he looks like an advertising executive a college student an american tourist doesn’t matter what your cover story is so long as it covers you and leaves you free to act you need a philips compact cassette recorder handy machine for street recording and playback   you can carry it under your coat for recording looks like a transistor radio for playback   playback in the street will show the influence of your sound track in operation of course the most undetectable playback is street recordings people don’t notice yesterday voices phantom car holes in time accidents of past time played back in present time screech of brakes loud honk of an absent horn can occasion an accident here   old fires still catch old buildings still fall or take a prerecorded sound track into the street anything you want to put out on the sublim eire play back two minutes record two minutes mixing your message with the street   waft your message right into a worthy ear   some carriers are much better than others you know the ones lips moving muttering away carry my message all over london in our yellow submarine working with street playback you will see your playback find the appropriate context for example i am playing back some of my dutch schultz last word tapes in the street five alarm fire and a fire truck passes right on cue   you will learn to give the cues you will learn to plant events and concepts after analyzing recorded conversations you will learn to steer a conversation where you want it to go [emphasis mine—RG]   the physiological liberation achieved as word lines of controlled association are cut will make you more efficient in reaching your objectives   whatever you do you will do it better   record your boss and co-workers analyze their associational patterns learn to imitate their voices oh you’ll be a popular man around the office but not easy to compete with the usual procedure record their body sounds from concealed mikes the rhythm of breathing the movements of after-lunch intestines the beating of hearts now impose your own body sounds and become the breathing word and the beating heart of that organization   become that organization   the invisible brothers are invading present time   the more people we can get working with tape recorders the more useful experiments and extensions will turn up […]

you will begin to see sharp and clear   there was a grey veil between you and what you saw or more often did not see   that grey veil was the prerecorded words of a control machine once that veil is removed you will see clearer and sharper than those who are behind the veil whatever you do you will do it better than those behind the veil this is the invisible generation (The Job 162-64)


Though these words were first published as far back as 1970, I’m not certain their full import has been explored by those in most need of them, i.e., innocent people who are being targeted by crude psychological warfare operations.  What’s beautiful and elegant about Burroughs’ techniques is that there’s nothing illegal, hidden or in any way covert about them.  As Burroughs points out in The Job:

This is not subliminal suggestion.  Subliminal means below the conscious level of sight or hearing.  Even if the subject were concentrating all his attention on the source of subliminal sound or images he would not be able to see or hear anything consciously.  Waking suggestion consists of sounds or images that are not consciously registered since the subject’s attention is elsewhere.  If his attention were directed toward the source he would be able to see or hear it immediately. 

Waking suggestion not subliminal suggestion is the technique used in playback of pre-recorded tapes in the street, cocktail parties, bars, stations, airports, parks, subways, political rallies, theatre intermissions, etc.  People do not consciously hear the taped suggestions because their attention is directed toward something else:  crossing street, catching train, listening for phone call, listening to speaker, looking at TV, talking to companions.  The volume level of the tape is adjusted to street sounds, speech level, etc. and a well-constructed suggestion tape will have pre-recorded street sounds or whatever cut in according to location.

Any suggestion tape is made much more effective if it contains contradictory commands.  Such commands as “To stay here to stay there, to stop to go, to do it now to do it later, to turn right to turn left, to stay in to stay out, to slow down to speed up, permitted prohibited, to be right to be wrong, to stay present in the now, to stay absent in the future the past, to hurry to wait etc.”

These commands are constantly being imposed by the environment.  If for example your suggestion tape contains the phrases:  “Look at that light in front of you.  STOP… Stay here… Be there…” and is played back to people waiting at a STOP light they are forced to obey the suggestion you are making.  Furthermore any contradictory commands at the unconscious level produce a moment of disorientation during which your suggestions take effect.  Suggestion tapes that contain contradictory commands have much more force than those that do not.  Insult tape with contradictory commands cut in are particularly effective.

Results are obtained by constant playback of carefully prepared tapes.  All tape-recorder tricks are useful:  echo chamber for stations and air terminals, overlay, speed-up, slow-down, oscillation etc.  Getting results is a matter of persistence and experimentation.  For wide coverage use a car cutting in your suggestion tapes with popular tunes and street sounds.  Some situations can only be covered on foot.  When playing back insult tapes the operator is well advised to move quickly and stay out of his wake.  (The Job 171-72)

It’s important to note that Burroughs’ work with tape recorders wasn’t just theoretical in nature; he used these techniques in his daily life with successful results.  Burroughs biographer Barry Miles reports on these incidents in his 2013 book, Call Me Burroughs:  A Life:

Ever since the Chicago [Democratic] Convention [of 1968, Burroughs] had been interested in the idea of cut-ups as a way of altering consciousness and subverting the time-space continuum by recording situations on the street and taking photographs and then playing them back in situ, “tampering with actual reality” and leading, as he put it to “accidents, fires or removals.”  He mounted an attack on Scientology’s London headquarters at 37 Fitzroy Street in Bloomsbury.  Over a period of some weeks he haunted the premises, taking photographs and making tape recordings.  Sure enough, after a couple of months, the Scientologists packed their bags and moved to 68 Tottenham Court Road […].

Encouraged by his success, Burroughs selected a new target, the Moka Bar at 29 Frith Street in Soho, London’s first ever espresso bar, which had been opened by the actress Gina Lollabrigida in 1953.  Here Bill had been the victim of “outrageous and unprovoked discourtesy and poisonous cheesecake.”  Burroughs began the operation on August 3, 1972, making no secret of his activities.  “They are seething in here,” he reported.  “The horrible old proprietor, his frizzy-haired wife and slack-jawed son, the snarling counterman.  I have them and they know it.”  Bill returned half a dozen times to play back the previous day’s recordings and take more photographs; their business began to fall off and they kept shorter and shorter hours.  On October 30, 1972, the Moka Bar closed.  (Miles 494-95)
 

The fact that gangstalkers operate only in packs—by definition—makes them uniquely vulnerable to Burroughs’ techniques.  Imagine a band of targeted individuals haunting The Law Enforcement Intelligence Unit’s next gala training event with some of what Burroughs calls his “riot surf boarding” techniques: 

now consider the harm that can be done and has been done when recording and playback is expertly carried out in such a way that the people effected do not know what is happening thought feeling and apparent sensory impressions can be precisely manipulated and controlled riots and demonstrations to order for example they use old anti-semitic recordings against the Chinese in Indonesia run shop and get rich and always give the business to another tiddly wink pretty familiar   suppose you want to bring down the area   go in and record all the ugliest stupidest dialogue the most discordant sound track you can find and keep playing it back which will occasion more ugly stupid dialogue recorded and played back on and on always selecting the ugliest material possibilities are unlimited   you want to start a riot put your machines in the street with riot recordings move fast enough you can stay just ahead of the riot surf boarding we call it no margin for error (The Job 168)

What with the ubiquity of audio-visual digital recording devices in the 21st century, the average person can extend Burroughs’ techniques far beyond these original experiments of the early ‘70s.  The perps may have access to more sophisticated technology, but that doesn’t really matter at the end of the day.  It all depends on what you do with what you have.  For the most, the perps are slaves to a prerecorded script, robotic drones who do precisely what they’re told.  They have no vision whatsoever, and very little ability to dream up new plans when their assigned timeline suddenly goes askew.  They’re the types who will stick to a wrongheaded scheme that has been placed in their hands even it’s clearly falling apart around them.  No amount of training can cure these inherent deficiencies in the perp mentality.  Thankfully, this is to your advantage. 



If you really feel you can’t compete with the gangstalkers on a technological level, however, consider instead taking a far less material approach.  Back in 2001, in Everett, Washington, I interviewed an elderly gentleman who had been hired by intelligence agents associated with the Stanford Research Institute to spy on Cuba and Fidel Castro at the height of the Cold War in the 1960s.  This gentleman’s ability to “remote view” (i.e., observe people and/or places located thousands of miles away or more) was verified by the agency in question when they discovered that his psychically-derived intelligence data was indeed accurate.  Though some people are born with this innate talent, such as the aforementioned gentleman in Washington state, the fact is that these techniques are within anyone’s reach.  They can and have been taught to people who have never shown even the slightest inclination toward psychic abilities.  The U.S. military conducted such experiments for years, the full details of which can be read about at length in such books as The Psychic Battlefield (2000) by Adam W. Mandelbaum (a former intelligence officer himself) and PSI Spies: The True Story of America’s Psychic Warfare Program (2007) by investigative journalist Jim Marrs.  
 
 

I know one woman—a civilian with no intelligence background whatsoever—who was trained in remote viewing by David Morehouse, an Army special forces major who was himself trained in remote viewing by the Central Intelligence Agency.  Morehouse has written two books about this subject:  Psychic Warrior:  Inside the CIA’s Stargate Program (1996) and Remote Viewing:  The Complete User’s Manual for Coordinate Remote Viewing (2013).  My friend took to Morehouse’s training so quickly and expertly that she’s now being sought out for consultations by lifelong masters of remote viewing.

Morehouse’s revelations about the CIA’s clandestine program, as chronicled in Psychic Warrior, won him few friends in what Adam Mandelbaum calls the “military-occult complex.”  According to Jim Marrs:

[…] the book’s revelations incurred the lasting animosity of the military authorities who were already angered by Morehouse’s whistle-blowing on other secret operations.  This animosity spread to Morehouse’s former comrades-in-arms, causing deep divisions between the former military remote viewers.

Morehouse suffered greatly for his part in exposing the RV story.  Charged with taking a typewriter without permission and adultery with another soldier’s wife (they both were separated at the time), Morehouse was ordered before a court martial and was later admitted to a psychiatric ward within Walter Reed Army Medical Center.  On the occasions when I visited him there, he was so heavily drugged that he could barely lift his head.

Charges were quietly dropped after Morehouse agreed to resign his commission and accept a less-than-honorable discharge from the Army, thus losing all benefits, not to mention the damage to his credibility.  (PSI Spies 16)

It’s not surprising that Morehouse’s revelations incurred the wrath of the military-occult complex for the simple reason that the Bad Brains In Charge do not wish for a future in which the average citizen can do exactly what I’m proposing here:  to turn the tables on the architects of these secret operations by using the science of remote viewing against them as an unprecedented means of self-defense.  In the revised edition of his trailblazing book Operation Mind Control, my late friend and colleague, Walter Bowart, wrote about a remote viewer he met in Aspen, Colorado back in 1979.  This remote viewer successfully penetrated the highly fortified walls of Cheyenne Mountain, the command center of NORAD at that time, using nothing more than his mind.  That gave Bowart the idea “to put a number of remote viewers to work for the Bill of Rights for a change and against the cryptocracy” (Chp. 29, p. 9).
Though these “occult” techniques are still being utilized by high-level entities ensconced within certain intelligence agencies, by and large they are completely unknown to the low-level grunts assigned to these local gangstalking operations.  Again, their utter ignorance is to your advantage.  Their general unawareness can, will, and already has been used against them.  The Law Enforcement Intelligence Units, the MASY Group, the EKS Group, Prescient Edge, ITA International, InfraGard, Whitney, Bradley & Brown, and DSAC all maintain very real, physical headquarters in very real, physical places.  The covert conversations and planning sessions that occur in these buildings are as accessible to you as a simple Internet Google search.  Physical locations with specific addresses are not difficult to remote view.  The imagination reels at the possibilities available to a targeted individual who, like my aforementioned acquaintance who had once been a member of the Church of Scientology, could accurately predict what the gangstalkers were going to do before these windup perps even received their corporate marching orders.


Imagine combining such psychically-derived intelligence with Burroughs’ playback theories.  If you know where the perps are—and this isn’t difficult, particularly when they’re parked right outside your house, or when their corporate headquarters are advertised for all to see on the web—it wouldn’t be at all difficult to employ Burroughs’ “riot surf boarding” techniques to create great fun and mayhem on a mass scale.  Since the perps are the most groupthink-orientated collectivists on the planet, they’re as vulnerable to playback as any other pack of obligate cellular parasites or rioters—perhaps even more so.  Just relax and watch in your rearview mirror as they begin to eat their own in the wake of your prerecorded, liminal hate messages being pumped into the air through the speakers mounted in the back of your car.



Perhaps even more fun is the straight forward approach.  Imagine showing up at the next LEIU gala event to receive some professional training from the gangstalker factory itself.  Indeed, become a certified gangstalker.  Take over a “civilian intelligence community organization.”  Transform yourself into the best gangstalker on the planet.  Spy on the spies who are spying on others.  Turn the tables.  Change the game board!



Turn the Democratic Republic of Gudavia upside down and the U.S. Constitution right-side up.  Remember, citizen:  You have the greatest advantage of all.  You lack the addiction for total control.



Control is controlled by its need for control.



In the long run, the love of freedom will trump even the most pathetic, most incurable case of control-addiction every time.

Works Cited

Alison.  “Why I’m Fighting the Met in Court over Undercover Relationships.”  The Guardian. 
            The Guardian, 3 June 2014.  Web.  25 July 2015.
Bowart, Walter.  Operation Mind Control.  1978.  Ft. Bragg:  Flatland Editions, 1994.  Print.
Burroughs, William.  The Adding Machine.  New York:  Seaver, 1986.  Print.
Burroughs, William and Daniel Odier.  The Job.  1974.  New York:  Penguin, 1989.  Print.
Godsey, Van.  “From the General Chairman.”  The LEIU Update (Mar. 2012):  1, 4.  Law                                 Enforcement Intelligence Units.  Web.  28 July 2015.
Jones, Jenny.  “The Met Turned Me into a Domestic Extremist—with Tweets and Trivia.”  The     Guardian.  The Guardian, 12 June 2014.  Web.  25 July 2015.
Lovecraft, H.P.  Supernatural Horror in Literature.  New York:  Dover, 1973.  Print.
Marrs, Jim.  PSI Spies.  Franklin Lakes:  New Page, 2007.  Print.
McLuhan, Marshall and Barrington Nevitt.  Take Today:  The Executive as Dropout.  New York:              Harcourt Brace, 1972.  Print.
Miles, Barry.  Call Me Burroughs:  A Life.  New York:  Twelve, 2013.  Print.
Peterson, Andrea.  “America’s ‘Freedom’ Reputation Is on the Decline a Year After NSA
            Revelations.”  The Washington Post.  The Washington Post, 14 July 2014.  Web.  25                  July 2015.
Roussey, Tom.  “GMU Law Professor Pepper Sprayed During Lecture.”  WJLA.com, 26 March             2014.  Web.  25 July 2015.
Steinmeyer, Jim.  Hiding the Elephant:  How Magicians Invented the Impossible and Learned to
Disappear.  New York:  De Capo Press, 2003.
“Tactics for Fighting Back.”  Fightgangstalking.com.  Web.  13 Oct. 2015.